The ethics of crime reporting | Editorial

We cover a variety of crime stories. From burglary to possession of drugs to domestic violence, if it’s an active case in the San Juan County Courts, we will likely write about it.

In our last two editions, we have reported on separate cases of alleged sexual assaults against minors in Friday Harbor. According to San Juan County Detective Ray Harvey during a SAFE San Juans presentation in February, sexual assault crimes against children, in particular, have increased by 25%.

Consistently, we receive a multitude of comments from readers when we publish a story about child molestation or sexual assault. Some applaud us for our sensitivity around a critical, challenging subject while others feel we have disregarded the rights of the victim and the defendant by publishing anything at all.

Writing about those crimes is the most difficult part of our job as journalists and it is one we do not take lightly.

We approach writing about these crimes with the goal of accuracy, integrity and delicacy. Some of the steps we take to protect victims include omitting their name, age, residence and relationship to the perpetrator. What we do not omit is the name of the alleged criminal.

One of our duties as the paper of record is to inform the public about those accused of a crime, and that includes providing a timeline, context and narrative of the alleged incidents. We aim to neither gloss over the severity of what occurred nor sensationalize with too many details. Part of bringing awareness to sexual assault and domestic violence is not minimizing or concealing the predatory and manipulative elements that accompany it.

We painstakingly read through court documents to choose what information should be presented to the public. We reach out to the sheriff’s office and prosecuting attorney’s office if we need more clarity. We give the victims a chance to make a statement if they so choose.

We take crime reporting extremely seriously. If necessary, we start our coverage with a warning that the details are graphic and may be disturbing to some readers. When this happens in a small community, it can be very challenging to process, but it’s critical to recognize that child rape, abuse and manipulation can and does occur everywhere and crosses all social and economic barriers.

Why do we write crime stories? We are a close-knit community – should we really be reading about people’s private lives? How does the Sounder choose which law and justice stories to write about? These are some of the questions that have been raised in emails and on our websites by our readers.

As your local newspaper, it is our responsibility to inform the public of all news – good and bad. We only write such pieces after someone has been charged with a crime or if a civil case has been filed.

Monitoring and writing about the judicial system are one of the watchdog functions of the media, and it is a newspaper editor’s responsibility to decide which stories rise to the level of news. It does not take a reporter or editor long to discover that some stories will cause pain, anger or criticism. A reporter or editor must learn to not allow anger or criticism to cloud his/her news judgment.

A newspaper is protected by the First Amendment because the founding fathers believed a greater good to all was served with a free press. The First Amendment comes with a responsibility on the part of a journalist to weigh the facts of a story and make a sound news judgment.

We are charged with the important and powerful task to report on the news. We prefer stories that build our community, yet sometimes our reporting covers a subject that must be shared as a public safety measure. We are very cognizant of how our coverage impacts all of those involved, but the alternative is not reporting on these crimes – and that is a disservice to us all.

Without you, we would not be able to hold ourselves to such high standards. Continue to help us by asking questions. We hope this column has given you more insight into the Sounder’s role in reporting on sensitive issues. If you have further questions about the ethics of the paper, email me at

If you or someone you know is being sexually abused, there is help available.

Locally, SAFE San Juans has 24/7 phone lines available to call on San Juan at 360-378-2345; Orcas at 360-376-1234; or Lopez at 360-468-4567. For more information, visit In 2021, SAFE San Juans provided 2,744 hours of supportive services to 162 survivors of domestic violence and sexual assault.

Nationally, you can call the RAINN hotline, which is open 24/7 at 1-800-656-4673. For more information, visit

To make a police report, call the San Juan County Sheriff’s Office at 360-378-4151. The Sheriff’s Office anonymous tip line is 360-370-7629.